School Climate and Bullying

School climate, which is defined as the quality and character of school life, is an essential element in the success of a school.  One of the National School Climate Standards developed by the Center for Social and Emotional Education is:

“the school community creates an environment where all members are welcomed, supported, and feel safe in school: socially, emotionally, intellectually and physically.”

Taking effective steps to prevent bullying improves school climate and pays tremendous dividends in other ways.  Positive school climate fosters children’s development, learning and achievement.

At a March 2011 White House Conference on Bullying Prevention, President Obama said “Bullying can have destructive consequences for our young people. And it’s not something we have to accept. As parents and students; teachers and communities, we can take steps that will help prevent bullying and create a climate in our schools in which all of our children can feel safe.”

As a parent of a child with a disability, it is important to know how bullying is addressed in schools as children with disabilities are three to five times more at risk for being targets of bullies. Federal and state laws, as well as local school policies exist to create safe school climates for all students. Each school district is required, by law, to have anti-bullying policies and practices in place as well as designated individuals to handle complaints.

In July 2011, Governor Malloy signed into law Public Act 11-232, legislation that takes comprehensive steps to ensure every child’s right to learn in Connecticut public schools without fear of teasing, humiliation, or assault.

This law clarified the definition of bullying as: (A) the repeated use by one or more students of a written, oral or electronic communication, such as cyberbullying, directed at or referring to another student attending school in the same school district, or (B) a physical act or gesture by one or more students repeatedly directed at another student attending school in the same school district, that: (i) Causes physical or emotional harm to such student or damage to such student’s property, (ii) places such student in reasonable fear of harm to himself or herself, or of damage to his or her property, (iii) creates a hostile environment at school for such student, (iv) infringes on the rights of such student at school, or (v) substantially disrupts the education process or the orderly operation of a school. Bullying shall include, but not be limited to, a written, oral or electronic communication or physical act or gesture based on any actual or perceived differentiating characteristic, such as race, color, religion, ancestry, national origin, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, socioeconomic status, academic status, physical appearance, or mental, physical, developmental or sensory disability, or by association with an individual or group who has or is perceived to have one or more of such characteristics.

The law also specified a timeline for action when bullying is witnessed by or reported to any school employee –

  • Within 1 school day – School employee makes oral report to school climate specialist
  • Within 3 school days – School employee makes written report to school climate specialist
  • Promptly after receiving report – School climate specialist completes investigation
  • Within 48 hours after investigation – Parents notified of school response & consequences

For more information on bullying in Connecticut schools, please contact:

Jo Ann Freiberg, Ph.D., Education Consultant
School Climate, Bullying and Character Education
Office of Student Supports and Organizational Effectiveness
Bureau of Health/Nutrition, Family Services and Adult Education
Connecticut State Department of Education
25 Industrial Park Road
Middletown, CT 06457
Direct Phone Line: (860) 807-2119
Fax: (860) 807-2127

For information on Positive School Climate:

Creating a Positive School Climate (English and Spanish) created by the 2012 Community Conversation on School Climate sponsored by the Stamford Parent Leadership Training Institute (PLTI) Alumni Association, Stamford Public Schools and the Parent Teacher Council

For information on how to file a formal bullying complaint with your child’s school:

“Bullying and Harassment in Connecticut: A Guide for Parents and Guardians” December 2012, CT Department of Education  SpanihVersion

Record-Keeping and Bullying developed by PACER Spanish version

For more information on Connecticut’s anti-bullying laws:

CT Commission on Children: Bullying

CT State Department of Education: Bullying and Harassment

Anti Bullying Bill Becomes a Law by the CT Commission on Children

For information on federal law on student bullying and harassment:

In its “Dear Colleague Letter: Harassment and Bullying” the U.S. Department of Education explains how federal antidiscrimination laws protect students in schools.

For information on how to support your child if he/she is bullied:

Bullies and Victims: Information for Parents from the National Association for School Psychologists

Cyberbullying: What Parents Can Do to Protect Their Children from PACER

The Individualized Education Program (IEP) and Bullying from PACER Spanish version

Talk with Your Child About Bullying developed by PACER Spanish version

Use Positive Strategies to Protect Your Child with Disabilities from Bullying developed by PACER

Other Resources on Bullying

CT State Department of Education: Bullying and School Climate

PACER National Bullying Prevention Center

PACER Kids Against Bullying

Walk a Mile In Their Shoes: Bullying and the Child with Special Needs – A Report and Guide from

Bullying and Harassment of Students with Disabilities: Top 10 Facts for Parents, Educators and Students

Governor’s Prevention Partnership PowerPoint “Bullying and Harassment of Students with Disabilities: An Overview of Legal Obligations and Strategies to Curtail Mean Behavior through the IEP”

20 Questions for Your School: A Policy Checklist for Educators, Parents and Students

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